West Wales War Memorial Project
West Wales War Memorial Project

The Pembroke Yeomanry

The Pembroke Yeomanry, as the name suggests, was the Militia Regiment of the county of Pembrokeshire. Its origins began way back in 1794, when two troops were raised, the Castlemartin Troop, and the Dungleddy Troop. Later, five independent troops were raised in West Wales; the Castlemartin Yeomanry Cavalry, Carmarthen Yeomanry Cavalry, Pembroke Yeomanry Cavalry, Narberth Yeomanry Cavalry and Haverfordwest Yeomanry Cavalry. In 1797, The Pembroke Yeomanry was to gain the distinction of having the only Battle Honour in the British Army to be won on home soil. The Honour, 'Fishguard', was gained when the Castlemartin Troop famously repelled a small French landing force near the Town. They also went on to gain further distinction in the South African War, when they formed part of the Imperial Yeomanry, against the Boers. This page is primarily intended to remember the part the Pembroke Yeomanry played in the Great War, of 1914-1918, and all information below is relevant to this part of their distinguished History.

 

Battle Honours

 

'Egypt, 1916-17'

'Palestine, 1917-18'

'France and Flanders, 1918'

 

In the years leading up the outbreak of War, the Pembroke Yeomanry had been transferred to the Territorial Force, with its H.Q. at Tenby, constituting the Yeomanry for Pembrokeshire, Carmarthenshire and Cardiganshire. The Regiment was distributed as below;

 

A Squadron at Tenby (Detachments at Pembroke, St. Florence, Manorbier, Kilgetty and Templeton)

 

B Squadron at Haverfordwest (Detachments at Clarbeston Road, Newgale and Fishguard)

 

C Squadron at Carmarthen (Detachments at Whitland, Llanelli, Llandeilo, Llangadock, Pantglas and Llandovery)

 

D Squadron at Lampeter (Detachments at Aberystwyth, Tregaron, Llandyssul and Llanybydder)

 

The early part of August 1914 saw the Pembroke Yeomanry form at Penally Camp, near Tenby. Men from all over West Wales had been called to the colours in view of the outbreak of War, and the Camp was a hive of activity. Three Battalions were formed throughout the war:

 

1/1st Pembroke Yeomanry.

 

On 4 August 1914 were stationed at Tenby, attached to the South Wales Mounted Brigade. On 12 August the Brigade concentrated at Hereford, and moved at the end of August to the Thetford area, joining the 1st Mounted Division. Their next move was to the Aylsham area, with the Regiment billeted at Haveringham and Heydon. During October 1915 they were at the Cromer area. During November 1915 the Battalion was dismounted, and in March 1916 sailed for Egypt, where the South Wales Mounted Brigade became absorbed in the 4th Dismounted Brigade. On 2 February 1917 the Battalion merged with the 1/1st Glamorgan Yeomanry, and formed the 24th (Pembroke and Glamorgan Yeomanry) Battalion, Welsh Regiment in 231 Brigade, 74th (Yeoanry) Division. The Division fought throughout the Palestinian Campaign, where they were part of the force under General Allenby that liberated Jerusalem during December 1917. During May 1918 the Battalion moved to France and remained here until the end of the war in 74th Division.

 

2/1st Pembroke Yeomanry.

 

Formed during 1914, and early in 1915 were at Carmarthen in 2/1st South Wales Mounted Brigade, then moving to Llandeilo and Dorchester. In September 1915 the Brigade moved to the Yoxford area, joining 1st Mounted Division. In 1916 the brigade became the 4th Mounted Brigade. During July 1916 they became a cyclist unit in 2nd Cyclist Brigade, 1st Cyclist Division. In November 1916 the Division was broken up, and with the 2/1st Glamorgan Yeomanry formed the 2nd (Pembroke and Glamorgan) Yeomanry Cyclist Regiment, in 1st Cyclist Brigade. In March 1917 the Battalion resumed identity, now at Aldeburgh, and by July 1917 was at Benacre. By the end of the year the Battalion was at Lowestoft where it remained in 1st Cyclist Brigade.

 

3/1st Pembroke Yeomanry.

 

Formed in 1915 at Carmarthen, and then moved to Brecon. In the Summer of 1915 the Battalion was affiliated to a reserve Cavalry Regiment in Ireland. During the Summer of 1916 the Battalion was dismounted and attached to the 3rd Line Groups of the Welsh Division at Oswestry. Early in 1917 it was disbanded, and the personnel moved to the 2nd Line unit and 4th (Reserve) Battalion Welsh Regiment at Milford Haven.

 

News of a New Book

 

On and off over the last couple of years, I have been writing a book on the history of the 24th (Pembroke and Glamorgan Yeomanry) Battalion, Welsh Regiment during the Great War, with the hope of it being published, and I have today, Tuesday 3 June 2014, heard from my publishers, Pen & Sword, that they are willing to publish the work, under the banner:

 

‘WELSH YEOMANRY AT WAR’

 

A History of the 24th (Pembroke and Glamorgan Yeomanry) Battalion The Welsh Regiment

 

Please click on the link above to purchase a copy direct from the publisher. The book covers the formation of the regiment after the declaration for war, training in Norfolk, and the move to Egypt, where it merged with the Glamorgan Yeomanry to form the 24th (Pembroke and Glamorgan Yeomanry) Battalion, The Welsh Regiment in 1917.

 

As well as telling the story of the battalion during the war, the book also holds many details about its officers and men, ranging from the Victoria Cross awarded to a former officer of the Pembroke Yeomanry, and one of the first (if not the first) coloured men to become an officer with the British Army, to details of the battles fought, and demobilisation after the armistice.

 

News about the book will be published on the website as soon as I hear something more, but for now, the details I have been sent are that it will be published as a Royal Paperback, with 50 plus Integrated illustrations, and 176 pages approximately, and is due for publication in August 2016.

 

In the meantime, this Spartan page will honour the memory of the men from the Pembroke Yeomanry who fell during the Great War.

 

Casualties Suffered by the Regiment

 

Many men who had enlisted into the Pembroke Yeomanry were posted to other units after completing their training, in order to rebuild the strengths of these units after they had suffered losses. Quite a large proportion of the men were posted to the various battalions of the Welsh Regiment; others were posted to the Royal Welsh Fusiliers; while others were posted to other infantry battalions, or even to the Royal Engineers and Royal Air Force. Below is a roll of the known former Pembroke Yeomen and some Glamorgan Yeomen who lost their lives during the Great War, which I have compiled from several sources. This roll does not include members of the 24th Welsh, only the officers who were shown as serving with the Pembroke Yeomanry at the time of their death.

Rank

Name

Number

Date Died

Regiment

Private

Ackland, Sidney

75295

06/08/1918

17th RWF

Private

Anthony, William George

4376

04/11/1918

Pembroke Yeomanry

Private

Bennett, Thomas

R/3452

09/04/1918

Anson Bttn, RND

Sapper

Bennett, Thomas Lewis

175528

20/11/1917

174th TC, RE

Private

Bevan, Henry Lewis

5444

27/08/1919

Pembroke Yeomanry

Private

Billings, William George

55564

26/09/1917

2nd RWF

Private

Brown, Henry

56949

22/11/1916

13th Welsh

Corporal

Brown, Hubert Reginald

359

17/03/1919

Pembroke Yeomanry

Private

Byron, William

43015

12/11/1918

Pembroke Yeomanry

Private

Caldon, Patrick William

75302

26/08/1918

14th RWF

Private

Casey, William James

33166

24/10/1918

1st Hants

Lieutenant

Clemetson, David Louis

 

21/09/1918

24th Welsh

Private

Clewes, William

38835

16/08/1916

10th RWF

Private

Cole, Lewis

75300

18/04/1918

9th RWF

Private

Cole, Thomas George

263014

05/12/1918

11th Cheshire's

L/Corporal

Cole, Victor James, MSM.

WR/178798

27/09/1918

RE

Private

Collins, William James

54843

24/11/1916

10th RWF

Private

Corbett, William George

55457

15/03/1918

16th RWF

Private

Cosgrove, Joseph

59842

23/09/1918

Pembroke Yeomanry

L/Corporal

Cox, Harry Percival

77230

03/11/1918

Pembroke Yeomanry

Private

Dagg, John Stuart

75305

02/09/1918

13th RWF

Leading Seaman

Daniel, Thomas George

R/3441

08/10/1918

Hawke Bttn, RND

Private

Davies, Isaac

54784

25/07/1917

15th RWF

Private

Davies, John

75380

27/10/1917

1st RWF

Private

Davies, John Cynfyn

55432

22/04/1918

16th RWF

Corporal

Davies, Robert Thomas

36413

05/11/1918

Pembroke Yeomanry

Private

Davies, Samuel

5346

25/03/1916

Pembroke Yeomanry

Lance Corporal

Davies, Thomas

68852

31/07/1918

16th RWF

Lieutenant

De Rutzen, Baron Alan F J

 

07/08/1916

Pembroke Yeomanry

Able Seaman

Desborough, George

R/3406

24/07/1918

Nelson Bttn, RND

Corporal

Evans, David

55430

30/07/1917

16th RWF

Private

Evans, Henry

55453

31/07/1917

16th RWF

Able Seaman

Evans, William Stephen

R/3420

31/12/1917

Nelson Bttn, RND

Private

Evans, Reginald C W

68854

03/12/1918

2nd RWF

Private

Fender, Walter

28216

03/09/1918

2nd Wilts

Trooper

Foxwell, Thomas William

2238

26/12/1916

Pembroke Yeomanry

Able Seaman

Garner, Walter Brighton

R/3423

28/10/1917

Nelson Bttn, RND

Private

Gorman, Frederick L

55572

21/04/1918

2nd RWF

Private

Guilfoyle, Francis Arthur

290469

06/11/1918

Pembroke Yeomanry

Private

Hall, Frederick Charles

3436975

25/03/1921

2nd Lancs Fus

Corporal

Hallam, Edward D M

290338

05/12/1918

Pembroke Yeomanry

Private

Hamer, William Charles

55437

18/09/1918

16th RWF

Private

Hardess, Albert

75154

13/09/1918

2nd RWF

Major

Higgon, John Arthur

 

20/07/1916

Pembroke Yeomanry

Captain

Hoare, Reginald Arthur

 

19/09/1918

Pembroke Yeomanry

Private

Howard, Victor Ballard

204255

16/04/1918

1st East Yorks

Private

Hughes, William John

53479

10/04/1918

11th Cheshire's

Private

Hurlow, Albert Arthur

68869

19/02/1917

11th RWF

Private

Jackson, William

20337

11/11/1918

3rd Connaught's

Private

James, George

55440

30/07/1917

16th RWF

Private

John, Albert James (Bertie)

45482

22/10/1917

18th Lancs Fus

Private

John, John Henry

127

30/10/1915

Pembroke Yeomanry

Private

John, William

55464

15/01/1917

16th RWF

Private

Jones, David

4614

25/01/1915

Pembroke Yeomanry

Private

Jones, Evan Lloyd

91695

04/10/1918

1/6th DLI

Private

Jones, Frank Egerton W.

M/280337

23/10/1918

RASC

Private

Jones, Henry

2133

04/05/1916

Pembroke Yeomanry

Corporal

Jones, Leonard Cleeve

243286

07/11/1918

2nd Garr RWF

Able Seaman

Jones, Owen Richard

R/3421

09/04/1918

Hawke Bttn, RND

Private

Jones, William

4603

04/12/1915

Pembroke Yeomanry

Private

Jones, William Maddock

55684

04/08/1917

15th RWF

Lieutenant

Karslake, William R

 

29/12/1917

Pembroke Yeomanry

Captain

Lambton, Edward

 

28/03/1916

Pembroke Yeomanry

Private

Last, Evan

4825

15/11/1918

Pembroke Yeomanry

Private

Le Feuvre, John Charles

238037

23/03/1918

13th Gloucester's

Private

Lewis, Thomas Richard

37060

27/09/1918

1st East Yorks

Private

Llewellyn, Wynford

4954

29/04/1916

Pembroke Yeomanry

Private

Lloyd, Gwilym

R/3425

27/10/1917

Nelson Bttn, RNVR

Major

Loudon Shand, Stewart, VC.

 

01/07/1916

10th Yorks

Private

Marsh, Bertie

91701

31/05/1918

1/6th DLI

Captain

Miers, Richard Henry Probyn

 

12/12/1917

Royal Flying Corps

Captain

Morgan, David Lloyd Popkin

 

09/03/1918

Pembroke Yeomanry

Private

Morgan, James Clifford

20049

06/09/1918

2nd Leinster's

Able Seaman

Morgan, John

R/3446

13/10/1917

Nelson Bttn, RND

Private

Nethercott, Edward Sydney

91709

30/05/1918

1/6th DLI

Private

Ollier, Joseph

28228

20/10/1918

2nd Wilts

Able Seaman

Owen, Thomas William

R/3391

08/10/1918

Hawke Bttn, RND

Able Seaman

Parker, Edward

R/3448

28/10/1917

Nelson Bttn, RND

Private

Phelps, Peter Thomas

4782

22/06/1916

Pembroke Yeomanry

Private

Phillips, John Evan

337

12/08/1916

Pembroke Yeomanry

Private

Price, Frederick Edgar

54801

27/07/1917

15th RWF

Able Seaman

Pritchard, John

R/3416

30/12/1917

Nelson Bttn, RND

Boy

Rafferty, Bernard

290485

08/11/1918

Pembroke Yeomanry

Private

Rees, Albert

4641

16/06/1915

Pembroke Yeomanry

Private

Rees, David Roderick

68878

18/09/1918

11th RWF

Private

Rees, George Ernest

55444

22/06/1917

16th RWF

Private

Reid, Charles Richard Stobo

70388

28/10/1917

1st RWF

Pioneer

Richards, Frederick John

WR/150904

21/10/1918

RE

Private

Richardson, John

28303

08/10/1918

6th Royal Dublin Fus

Private

Roach, William

356001

13/03/1918

25th RWF

Able Seaman

Roberts, Ernest Roland

R/3435

04/03/1922

Hawke Bttn, RND

Private

Roberts, Morley

290449

25/07/1917

Pembroke Yeomanry

Able Seaman

Roberts, Robert William

R/3417

29/11/1918

Hawke Bttn, RND

Private

Roberts, Thomas

75328

18/09/1918

16th RWF

Captain

Roch, George Powell

 

21/05/1918

1st KSLI

Lieutenant

Rosser, Arthur

 

10/07/1916

14th Welsh

Private

Scott, Robert

4338

09/01/1917

Pembroke Yeomanry

Private

Seabourne, Charles

63259

30/09/1917

17th Welsh

Private

Southgate, Frederick

320271

21/04/1917

2nd Welsh

Private

Speke, Harold

70386

30/10/1917

1st RWF

Private

Swallow, William Henry

75331

16/05/1918

17th RWF

Sapper

Taylor, Wallace Thomas

WR/290315

03/08/1918

96th LROC, RE

Private

Thomas, David Lewis

282286

10/10/1917

2/7th Lancs Fus

Private

Thomas, David Morgan

201892

12/04/1918

Tank Corps

Private

Thomas, David Richard

2023

03/11/1914

Pembroke Yeomanry

Private

Thomas, Evan

5197

10/09/1916

13th Welsh

Private

Thomas, John Samuel

359389

09/09/1918

Labour Corps

Private

Thomas, Luther Jenkins

75162

12/09/1918

2nd RWF

Private

Thomas, William

2181

11/01/1917

Pembroke Yeomanry

Private

Treharne, Thomas Trevor

63045

24/04/1918

9th Welsh

Lieutenant

Wakeford, Frederick R S

 

25/12/1918

Royal Air Force

Lieutenant

Watkins, Howel Cyril, MC.

 

23/10/1918

Pembroke Yeomanry

Private

Williams, Arthur

55462

08/10/1918

16th RWF

Private

Williams, Francis

93305

18/09/1918

14th RWF

2nd Lieut

Williams, Hugh

 

28/07/1918

7th KSLI

Private

Williams, James

4350

29/01/1915

Pembroke Yeomanry

Able Seaman

Williams, Lewis Andrew

R/3439

04/01/1918

Nelson Bttn, RND

Lt-Colonel

Williams, Owen Hird Spear

 

09/12/1914

Pembroke Yeomanry

Captain

Yorke, James H L, MC.

 

27/12/1917

Pembroke Yeomanry

Private

Williams, Sidney James

202990

26/08/1917

4th RWF

Private

Williams, William Owen

36385

04/11/1918

Pembroke Yeomanry

Website News

8 March 2017. Some more good news today. Another un-commemorated Welsh sailor, Samuel Arthur Griffiths, of Tredegar, has today been accepted for commemoration by the CWGC as a result of my research. Please see the Forgotten Soldiers section of the website for further details.

8 February 2017. Some more good news today. Another un-commemorated soldier, Llewelyn Owen Roberts, of Penmaenmawr, has today been accepted for commemoration by the CWGC as a result of my research. Please see the Forgotten Soldiers section of the website for further details.

 

7 February 2017. Some more good news today. Another un-commemorated soldier, Isaac Owen, of Seven Sisters, has today been accepted for commemoration by the CWGC as a result of my research. Please see the Forgotten Soldiers section of the website for further details.

20 December 2016. Some good news today that another uncommemorated soldier, Private Thomas Owen Davies, of Machynlleth, has been accepted for commemoration by the CWGC following my research. Please see the Forgotten Soldiers section of the website for further details.

30 November 2016. At long last my latest book has been published: Welsh Yeomanry at War. Please see the Steve’s Books page of the website for details.

23 November 2016. Some good news today with the acceptance of another Welsh soldier, Percy Griffin Williams, of the Welsh Horse Yeomanry, for commemoration by the CWGC following my research. Please see the Forgotten Soldiers section of the website for details.

 

15 November 2016. I would like to thank the people of Laugharne, especially the members of the Laugharne and District Historical Society, for their welcome during their recent History Event on Saturday when I visited to make a talk about how researching the Laugharne War Memorial inspired me to create this website and to begin my writing career. It was a very interesting day and was well attended by the locals.

26 Sep 2016. After a lot of hard work I have finally managed to identify a soldier from Gwaun-cae-Gurwen, Morgan Price James, who since the early 1920’s has been commemorated by the CWGC under the wrong name, James Morgan. Please see the Forgotten Soldiers section of the website for details.

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