British troops have been involved in wars for as long as history remembers, but the first truly modern war which caught the imagination of the public was the Crimean War, mainly because it was the first war to have been reported by telegram communication. This meant that the British public could for the first time read firsthand news and reports of the war as events occurred. The Crimean War was also the instigator for the most famous gallantry decoration to be awarded, the Victoria Cross, the medals of which are made of bronze taken from captured Russian cannon.
There were, of course, other wars during the nineteenth century which were widely known. The famous Peninsula Wars (1807 – 1814) led to the invasion of Napoleonic France and culminated in Wellington’s famous victory at the Battle of Waterloo on Sunday 18 June 1815, a battle which saw a famous West Walian, General Sir Thomas Picton, killed.
The British Empire’s ‘Jewel in the Crown’, India, involved the British in several wars, while we also fought in North Africa, New Zealand, Burma, China, and more recently South Africa, during the Zulu War and the two Boer Wars.
Scattered throughout churches, chapels and memorials halls in West Wales are dozens of individual memorials to officers and men who fought and died in these far off places, while towns such as Haverfordwest, Carmarthen and Llanelli boast fine public monuments to commemorate men who died in the Boer Wars. Carmarthen is also home to the impressive Crimea Monument, which is dedicated to the fallen officers and men of the 23rd Regiment who fell during the campaign.
As time allows, I will be gathering information on as many of these memorials as I can, and placing the details in this section of the website. While the main county sections of the website contain the details of the WW1 and WW2 memorials, there are also scattered among the pages details of men who fell during other wars and these will be left where they presently are, alongside the details of their kinsmen, while I will also add them into this section, for easier negotiation. These memorials can be accessed by clicking on the tabs to the left on this page.
The British Army was founded after the Acts of Union in 1707, and brought the existing Irish and Scottish Regiments into fold of the existing English Army to form the new British Army. The list of wars fought by the British Army from its formation until 1914, when the Great War erupted, is shown below. Many of these wars saw our local units the 23rd (Royal Welch Fusiliers), 24th (South Wales Borderers), 41st and 69th (Welch) Regiments in action against their former colonial allies, while local Yeomanry and Militia units, such as the Pembroke Yeomanry and Carmarthen Militia, kept peace at home.
War of the Spanish Succession 1701–1714
War of the Austrian Succession 1740
Seven Years' War 1754–1763
American Revolutionary War 1775–1783
First Anglo-Maratha War 1772
French Revolutionary Wars 1792–1802
Second Anglo-Maratha War 1802–1805
Napoleonic Wars 1802–1813
War of 1812 1812
Hundred Days War 1815 (The return of Napoleon)
Gurkha War 1813–1816
Third Anglo-Maratha War 1817–1818
First Ashanti War 1823–1831
First Anglo-Burmese War 1824–1826
First Anglo-Afghan War 1839–1842
First Opium War 1839–1842
First Anglo Marri War 1840
First Anglo-Sikh War 1845–1846
Second Anglo-Burmese War 1852–1853
Crimean War 1853–1856
Anglo-Persian War 1856–1857
Second Opium War 1856–1860
Indian Rebellion 1857
New Zealand land wars 1845–1872
Second Anglo-Sikh War 1848–1849
Second Ashanti War 1863–1864
Bhutan War 1864–1865
Third Ashanti War 1873–1874
Second Anglo-Afghan War 1878–1880
Anglo-Zulu War 1879
Second Anglo Marri War 1880
First Boer War 1880–1881
Third Anglo-Burmese War 1885
Mahdist War 1891–1899
Fourth Ashanti War 1894
Anglo-Zanzibar War 1896
Boxer Rebellion 1899–1901
Second Boer War 1899–1902
8 March 2017. Some more good news today. Another un-commemorated Welsh sailor, Samuel Arthur Griffiths, of Tredegar, has today been accepted for commemoration by the CWGC as a result of my research. Please see the Forgotten Soldiers section of the website for further details.
8 February 2017. Some more good news today. Another un-commemorated soldier, Llewelyn Owen Roberts, of Penmaenmawr, has today been accepted for commemoration by the CWGC as a result of my research. Please see the Forgotten Soldiers section of the website for further details.
7 February 2017. Some more good news today. Another un-commemorated soldier, Isaac Owen, of Seven Sisters, has today been accepted for commemoration by the CWGC as a result of my research. Please see the Forgotten Soldiers section of the website for further details.
20 December 2016. Some good news today that another uncommemorated soldier, Private Thomas Owen Davies, of Machynlleth, has been accepted for commemoration by the CWGC following my research. Please see the Forgotten Soldiers section of the website for further details.
23 November 2016. Some good news today with the acceptance of another Welsh soldier, Percy Griffin Williams, of the Welsh Horse Yeomanry, for commemoration by the CWGC following my research. Please see the Forgotten Soldiers section of the website for details.
15 November 2016. I would like to thank the people of Laugharne, especially the members of the Laugharne and District Historical Society, for their welcome during their recent History Event on Saturday when I visited to make a talk about how researching the Laugharne War Memorial inspired me to create this website and to begin my writing career. It was a very interesting day and was well attended by the locals.
26 Sep 2016. After a lot of hard work I have finally managed to identify a soldier from Gwaun-cae-Gurwen, Morgan Price James, who since the early 1920’s has been commemorated by the CWGC under the wrong name, James Morgan. Please see the Forgotten Soldiers section of the website for details.