West Wales War Memorial Project
West Wales War Memorial Project

Individual Pre WW1 Memorials

There are several memorials throughout west Wales which commemorate men who died in smaller scale campaigns, or who died whilst serving with the armed forces in the years prior to the Great War. There are also many Pre WW1 war graves in Pembroke Dock Military Cemetery that are already on the website, which I haven't included here. This page will hold details of some individual memorials, whether in the form of fine marble memorials inside local Churches, or gravestone markers in overgrown cemeteries, which are dedicated to servicemen who died before 1914.


Camrose Church

Lewis William Penn, CB, ADC, Colonel, Royal Artillery. Lewis was born in Camrose in 1829, the son of Richard and Emma Penn. He was gazetted into the Royal Artillery on 18 December 1847, and began a lifetime of service with the army. He married Ann Eliza Callen on 22 December 1853. He served during the Crimean War as an Assistant Engineer with the siege train in the trenches before Sebastopol, and at the bombardments of 17 October, 9 April, and on 6 and 17 June. He was also at the battle of Inkerman, and was awarded the Crimean Medal with two Clasps, Brevet of Major, the Sardinian and Turkish Crimean medals, and the Turkish Order of the Medjidie 5th Class for his work there. He later commanded a Mountain Battery throughout the Abyssinian campaign from 29 December 1867 and was present at the action of Arogee and the capture of Magdala, for which he was mentioned in dispatches, created Companion of the Order of the Bath on 14 August 1868, and awarded the Abyssinian Medal. He was promoted lieutenant-colonel from 1 April 1872, and Brevet Colonel on 23 January 1875. He was created a Companion of Bath on 14 August 1868. He died whilst on active service at Kirkee, Bombay, India on 14 December 1879, aged 49. There is a marble memorial plaque to Colonel Penn  within Camrose Church.


Gumfreston Churchyard

Morgan Crofton Lloyd, Captain, Army Service Corps. Morgan was born in Ireland in 1876, the son of Colonel Morgan George Lloyd, CB, and Emily Olivia Lloyd (nee Bell), of Belvedere, Tenby. He was commissioned into his father's battalion, the 3rd Battalion, Royal Irish Regiment, but was gazetted to the Army Service Corps on 2 May 1900, and served in South Africa. He had become ill, and was invalided home. He married Alice Sheriffe Bromwich, of Rugby, and they had a son, Malcolm Henry. Morgan died at Tenby in 1908, aged 32. He is buried in Gumfreston Churchyard.

Lone Gravestone in Haroldston Churchyard


In a prominent position against the wall of the Church is a striking headstone which commemorates the memory of Alfred Mathias. Alfred was the son of William and Catherine Mathias, of Mill Cottage, Haroldston, Pembrokeshire. He enlisted into the army, and was living at Hyde Park Barracks when he died on 12 March 1853, aged 21. He was buried in Kensington on 17 March, but his parents erected a slate memorial headstone to him in Haroldstone Churchyard. The photograph is courtesy of Dai Phillips.

The tombstone records: “Sacred to the memory of Alfred son of William and Catherine of this parish who died at Hyde Park barracks London March 12th 1853 aged 21 years. ‘My friends grieve not my early state. You all must try this untry’d state. When my memory brings a sigh apply the words I too must die.’ Buried in the Kensington Brompton District March 17. Shown as living in the Barracks Knightsbridge.

Llanglydwen, St Cledwyn's Churchyard


David Garrick Protheroe, Brevet Major, 6th Royal Regiment. David was born at Dolwilym, Llanglydwen on 1 January 1835, the son of William Garrick Bridges Schaw Protheroe and Emma Hart Protheroe. He became an Ensign in the 12th Regiment of Foot on 10 April 1855. On 28 January 1862 he became Captain by purchase with the 6th Regiment of Foot. He married Catherine Annie Lewis in Hampshire on 15 October 1874. On 28 April 1875 he was promoted Major, and on 12 May that year retired from the army, retaining the rank of Major. He died at Llanstadwell on 28 November 1879, aged 44, and was buried in Llanglydwen Churchyard.

Edward Schaw Protheroe, JP, DL, Surgeon Major, Army Medical Department. Edward was born at Hampton St Mary, Middlesex in 1822, the son of William Garrick Bridges Schaw Protheroe and Emma Hart Protheroe. He trained as a surgeon, and entered the Army Medical Department as Assistant Surgeon on 10 June 1845. Edward served with the Royal Artillery during the Crimean War from 30 October 1854, and was at the Battle of Inkerman and the siege and fall of Sebastopol. He was promoted to Surgeon on 16 March 1855, and married Ellen Augusta Cecilia Beynon on 2 July 1859. On 10 June 1865 he was promoted Surgeon Major, and retired on 19 October 1872, retaining the rank of Honorary Deputy Inspector General. He died at Dolwilym on 4 January 1907, aged 83, and was buried in Llanglydwen Churchyard.

Frederick Jones Schaw Protheroe, Commander, Royal Navy. Frederick was born at Amroth on 3 July 1827, the son of William Garrick Bridges Schaw Protheroe and Emma Hart Protheroe. In 1848 he passed his seamanship certificate, and on 12 June 1849 was gazetted as Lieutenant with the Royal Navy. He had served aboard the 14 gun sloop HMS Niger as a Lieutenant during the Crimean War. On 1 April 1870 he was placed on the retired list, assuming the rank of Commander. He died on 15 June 1874, aged 47 and is buried in Llanglydwen Churchyard.

Tenby, St. Mary's Church


The War of the Austrian Succession

The War of the Austrian Succession began during 1744, when the French began a series of offensives which lead to the capture of most of Flanders. The fortress towns of Menin, Ypres, and Knocke fell in June, while Furnes was taken in July. In an attempt to counter the French threat, major supply and ammunition depot magazines were set up for the British by General Ligonier at Ghent, Oudenarde and Tournai, while the Dutch General Vander-Duyn set up depots at Mons, Charleroi and Tournai.


The Battle of Fontenoy was fought around the village of that name on 11 May 1745, near the town of Tournai which the French aimed to capture. An Allied army under the command of the Duke of Cumberland, and consisting of mainly Dutch, British, and Hanoverian troops, took to the field against a French army commanded by Maurice de Saxe, commander of King Louis XV's forces in the Low Countries.


The battle was one of the most important during the War, and resulted in a famous victory for the French, whose monarch, Louis XV was present on the field of battle, and heralded the beginning of a glorious phase in France’s military history.


Among the forces present for the British was the 23rd Regiment of Foot, later known as the Royal Welch Fusiliers. The second in command of the regiment during the battle was Major Roger Lort, of Prickeston, Tenby.


Lort was the son of George Lort, of Prickeston. He was commissioned lieutenant on 11 April 1708, joining the 23rd Regiment of Foot as captain on 16 July 1730 from the disbanded 35th Regiment of Foot. He had married Ann, only daughter of Reverend Edward Jenkins, vicar of Fareham, Hampshire and they had six children.


He was promoted major on 18 April 1743 and was fifty one years old when he was wounded and taken prisoner at Fontenoy on 11 May 1745. His son, himself an officer with the regiment, was captured with him and witnessed the French doctors cutting off his fathers’ injured leg. Major Lort died later that day. There is a fine marble war memorial dedicated to him and his family within St. Mary’s Church at Tenby.  The Lorts were the Lords of Stackpole, and had taken an active role in the English Civil War. Roger was actually listed at the time as being missing, and was later found to have been dead. On that one day, the 23rd lost 190 men dead, 87 wounded, and 47 missing. The white marble memorial has the following inscribed on it;


“To the Memory of Roger Lort Esq., youngest son of George Lort of Prickeston in this County, Esq., who, being Major of the regiment of Royal Welsh Fusiliers, was killed at the Battle of Fontenoy near Lisle A.D. 1745, aged 51 years.


“During a long residence in this Town, he discharged all the duties of a good Husband, Father, Master, Friend and Magistrate, and united in his character the various excellencies of the Soldier the Gentleman and the Christian.


“Also to the memory of Ann his Wife, only child of the Reverend Edward Jenkins, M.A.; Vicar of Fareham in Hants. A Pious, Prudent, Excellent Woman who died A.D. 1767, Aged 69. They had Six Children, Michael, Roger, Ann, George, Edward, John, of whom the only survivor in 1778, the Reverend Michael Lort B.D., Fellow of Trinity College in Cambridge erected this Monument.”

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